What is Hypercalcemia?
Hypercalcemia is an abnormally high level of calcium in the blood. A high level is usually more than 10.5 milligrams per deciliter of blood.
In normal situations, the body maintains a balance between the amount of calcium in food sources and the calcium already available in the body's tissues. In hypercalcemia, there is not a balance.
The balance can be disturbed if excess amounts of calcium are eaten or if the body is unable to process the mineral because of disease.
Hypercalcemia may be a symptom of a chronic inflammatory disease called sarcoidosis.
What is Calcium?
Calcium is a mineral that plays an important role in the development and maintenance of the bones. Calcium is also needed in tooth formation and is important in other body functions.
What causes Hypercalcemia?
Hyperparathyroidism is the excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone by one or more of the parathyroid glands.
Cancer causes hypercalcemia by increasing calcium levels in the blood and destroying bony tissue.
What can happen when hypercalcemia occurs?
How are calcium levels controlled?
Calcium blood levels are controlled by three main methods: Vitamin D hormone and parathyroid hormone (PTH), and kidney function.
Treatment options for Hypercalcemia
The style of treatment depends on how high the calcium level is and what is causing hypercalcemia Your doctor will determine which option is best for you.
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