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What is Bursitis?

Bursitis is the inflammation of bursa. Bursa are fluid-filled sacs that lies between tendon and skin. Bursa also lie between tendon and bone. Every person has
hundreds of bursae scattered throughout the body. The most common sites for bursitis are the hip, knee, elbow, and heel.

What do Bursae do?

The main function of a bursa is to decrease friction between two surfaces that move in different directions. Bursae are needed at points where muscles, ligaments, and tendons glide over bones.

What causes Bursitis?

Bursitis can be caused by many different things. The most common causes are: repetitive movement, prolonged pressure, and excessive pressure. Bursitis can also be caused by infections such as staphylococcus and tuberculosis, as well as some systemic diseases such as gout and arthritis.

Treatment options for Bursitis

Fortunately bursitis can be easily treated. Treatment usually involves avoiding the activity that led to the inflammation. Medications such as ibuprofen and Motrin can be taken to help decrease pain and swelling.

Other more extreme treatment options are: drainage of the bursa; injection of cortisone; surgical excision.

How can Bursitis be prevented?

Some of the techniques to prevent bursitis from occurring or reoccurring are:

  1. Strengthen muscles around the joint. Muscle strength around a joint helps decrease the burden on the joint itself.
  2. Take breaks. If you have to perform a repetitive task, alternate repetitive tasks with breaks to relieve pressure.
  3. Cushion your joints. If you have to participate in activity that puts excessive or prolonged pressure on you joints, adding a cushion to your joints will help.

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