What are shin splints?
Shin splints is a description for pain at the front of the lower leg. There are two types of shin splints: Anterior and Posterior.
Anterior shin splints occur in the front portion of the shin bone (tibia). Posterior shin splints occur on the inside (medial) part of the leg along the tibia. Anterior shin splints are caused by muscle imbalances, insufficient shock absorption or toe running. Excessive pronation contributes to both anterior and posterior shin splints.
Shin splints are also called periostitis.
What causes shin splints?
The most common cause is inflammation of the sheath surrounding the shin bone. The injury is an overuse injury and can be caused by running on hard surfaces, running on tip toes and sports where a lot of jumping is involved.
Symptoms of shin splints
The most common symptoms of shin splints are:
How to avoid shin splints
You can avoid developing shin splints by strengthening the tibialis anterior muscle.
Simple simple exercises for strengthening the tibialis anterior muscle:
Treatment options for shin splints
The most common treatment for shin splints is rest. Some of the other treatment options are:
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