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What is Tendonitis?

Tendonitis is an inflammation of a tendon. A tendon is the strong, white fibrous tissues that connect muscles to bones. Tendonitis is one of the common causes of acute pain in the shoulder and can occur after an injury, or as a result of one movement repeated over and over.


What causes Tendonitis?

Tendonitis can be associated with a calcium deposit, which can cause inflammation. In rare cases, it may also result from a disease.

The most common causes of tendonitis are: repeated use of the wrist, overuse of the tendons, poorly-fitted shoes that rub against foot tendons, bone spurs in the feet or elsewhere that irritate tendons, obesity, which puts abnormal pressure on the legs and feet.

Symptoms of Tendonitis

Some of the common symptoms are: a sharp or achy pain, tenderness and swelling,
restricted movement in the area surrounding the injury, or weakness in the arm or leg due to pain.

Tennis Elbow

Tennis Elbow is a nick name for tendonitis that occurs in the elbow. It is often seen in tennis players.

Achilles Tendonitis

Tendonitis can occur in the Achilles tendon. The Achilles tendon is located With Achilles tendonitis, if the tendon becomes more painful with greater activity like running or playing sports there is a chance the tendon could rupture.

How is Tendonitis Treated?

There are various methods to treat tendonitis. Treatments include: strict rest of the affected area, application of ice to reduce swelling for the first 24 to 48 hours, after 48 hours application of moist heat for deep muscle relaxation, anti-inflammatory pain relievers like aspirin or ibuprofen.

Treatments often prescribed by a doctor are:

  1. Physical therapy
  2. Weight loss
  3. Shoe inserts
  4. Anti-inflammatory drugs
  5. Ultrasound treatment to reduce pain an swelling
  6. An injection of medication to decrease inflammation near the injury
  7. In extreme cases, surgery to repair the tendon.

If not taken care of, tendonitis can weaken tendons, making them more susceptible to a tear.

Will tendonitis return after treatment?

Maybe. If you have tendonitis, you are more likely to have symptoms again down the road. However, with proper stretches and exercises tendonitis can often be avoided.

How can tendonitis be prevented?

There are many ways tendonitis can be prevented. Some of the best way to prevent tendonitis is to:

  1. Take frequent breaks if you sit at a desk or type for many hours.
  2. Gradually build up the intensity and frequency of exercise.
  3. Warm up and cool down before and after exercise.
  4. Choose shoes that fit properly.

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