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What is Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. It is often the initial stage of gum disease.

What causes Gingivitis?

The main cause of gingivitis is plaque. Plaque is the soft, sticky, colorless film of bacteria that forms constantly on the teeth and gums. If plaque is not removed daily, it produces toxins that can irritate the gum tissue, causing gingivitis.

Injury or trauma to the gums can also cause gingivitis. Injury can be a result of overly vigorous brushing or flossing of the teeth, can also cause gingivitis.

Other causes of gingivitis are:

Complications of Gingivitis

If left untreated, gingivitis can become periodontitis and cause permanent damage to your teeth and jaw.

Symptoms of Gingivitis

The most common symptoms of gingivitis are:

  • red, swollen, tender gums that may bleed when you brush
  • gums that have receded or pulled away from your teeth
  • recurring bad breath
  • bad taste in your mouth

Can Gingivitis be Prevented?

Yes. You can help prevent gingivitis by developing good oral hygiene. Brush and floss everyday and see a dentist regularly. Some other ways to help prevent gingivitis are:

  • Eating right to so you will have a healthy jawbone and teeth
  • Avoiding cigarettes and other forms of tobacco

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