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What is Pre-Diabetes?

Pre-diabetes is a condition where people have blood glucose levels that are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Most people who develop type 2 diabetes have pre-diabetes first.

Most people who have pre-diabetes are unaware that they have it or that they are at risk of developing diabetes. People with pre-diabetes often develop type 2 diabetes within 10 years.

Pre-Diabetes is also called impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG).

What is a normal fasting blood glucose level?

Normal fasting blood glucose levels are below 100 mg/dL. People with pre-diabetes will have a fasting blood glucose level between 100-125. Diabetes occurs when a fasting blood glucose level is 126 mg/dl and above.

Does Diabetes always follow Pre-diabetes?

No. If you have pre-diabetes, you can make changes in your lifestyle that will lower your risk for developing type 2 diabetes. While you may not be able to totally eliminate your chances of developing type 2 diabetes, by making lifestyle changes you can delay its onset.

Some common lifestyle changes are:

  • Eat fewer calories.
  • Exercise 30 minutes, 5 times a week.
  • Adopt a low-fat diet.
  • Loose 10 to 15 pounds.


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