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Blepharitis

What is Blepharitis?

Blepharitis is a chronic inflammation of the eyelids. There are two types of blepharitis: anterior and posterior.

Anterior blepharitis affects the outside front of the eyelid, where the eyelashes are attached. The two most common causes of anterior blepharitis are Staphylococcus bacteria and scalp dandruff.

Posterior blepharitis affects the inner eyelid and is caused by problems with the oil glands in the inner eyelid. The two most common causes of posterior blepharitis are: acne, rosacea, and scalp dandruff.

Blepharitis is also called Granulated Eyelids.

Symptoms of Blepharitis

Some patients have no symptoms at all. When symptoms are present, the most common symptoms are:

  • Sandy, itchy eyes
  • Excessive tearing, itching
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Redness of the eye
  • Blurred vision
  • Dry eye
  • Red and/or swollen eyelids
  • Crusty, flaky skin on the eyelids
  • Irritated eyes

How is Blepharitis Diagnosed?

Blepharitis is detected during a routine examination of the eyelids and lashes using a slit lamp microscope.

Can Blepharitis be Treated?

Yes. Blepharitis can be controlled but not cured. Treatment will depend on the cause.

Complications of Blepharitis

In severe cases, blepharitis may cause styes, chalazion, irritation and inflammation of the cornea.

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