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Low sperm count

A low sperm count is the leading cause of male infertility. Most people have heard about hot tubs reducing sperm count, but age, stress, drugs, smoking, even bicycling can all contribute.

Fortunately, there are some things men can do to help reverse the situation.

  • Regular exercise can help to reduce stress, but take care not to overdo any form of exercise that may damage the testicles (such as bicycling).
  • Avoid smoking, alcohol, hot tubs, saunas, etc.
  • Eat a low fat diet with lots of whole grains.
  • Avoid exposure to toxic heavy metals.

If your doctor can help identify the cause of the problem, it may be possible to reverse a low sperm count.

In some cases, low sperm count is caused by an obstruction in the veins within the testicle. If this is the case, your doctor might recommend surgery. If the cause of the low sperm count is an infection or a hormonal imbalance, a course of medication can help. However, while antibiotics can clear the infection, there is no guarantee that they will restore fertility.

Alternatively, procedures such as sperm washing can help to increase the likelihood of conception by separating out the good quality sperm. The good quality sperm is then implanted into the egg using artificial insemination.

Unfortunately, there is always the chance that a low sperm count cannot be reversed or treated, and that, even with medical help, conception cannot be achieved. At this point, you will want to consider other options with your partner and doctor – for example, the use of donor sperm or adoption.

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