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A strawberry is a small red fruit that has yellow seeds piercing its surface and a green leafy cap and stem on the top. Strawberries are available year-round, however, they are at the peak of their season from April through July.

Most commercial strawberries are cultivated. Wild strawberries are much smaller in size but usually have a more intense flavor.

Types of Strawberries

There are more than 600 varieties of strawberries. Each variety of strawberry differs in flavor, size and texture.

Health benefits of strawberries

Strawberries are used by some to treat anemia, joint disease, and to strengthen the circulatory system and help balance hormones. Strawberries contain high amounts of vitamin C, as well as iron. Vitamin C is an antioxidant. Strawberries are also a great source of pectin. Pectin is a soluble fiber that may lower cholesterol. Strawberries are filled with phytonutrients.

Strawberries have several anti-inflammatory properties. The phenols found in strawberries lessen activity of the enzyme cyclo-oxygenase, or COX. Non-steriodal anti-inflamatory drugs like aspirin or ibuprofen block pain by blocking this enzyme, whose overactivity has been shown to contribute to unwanted inflammation, such as that which is involved in rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, asthma, atherosclerosis, and cancer.

Nutrition Information

Strawberries, Fresh 1.00 cup 43 calories
Nutrient Amount DV
Vitamin C 81.65 mg 136.1 56.7
Vitamin K 20.16 mcg 25.2 10.5
Manganese 0.42 mg 21.0 8.8
Dietary fiber 3.31 g 13.2 5.5
Iodine 12.96 mcg 8.6 3.6
Potassium 239.04 mg 6.8 2.8
Folate 25.49 mcg 6.4 2.7
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 0.10 mg 5.9 2.5
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) 0.49 mg 4.9 2.0
Omega 3 fatty acids 0.11 g 4.4 1.8
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) 0.08 mg 4.0 1.7
Magnesium 14.40 mg 3.6 1.5
Copper 0.07 mg 3.5 1.5

Storing and Preparing Strawberries

  • Sort through the strawberries and separate the soft ones from the firm, fully ripe berries. Discard any mushy or spoiled berries.
  • Store strawberries in a colander in the refrigerator. A colander will allow the cold air to circulate around them.
  • Do not cover strawberries.
  • Remove caps from strawberries only after washing. Prepare strawberries for serving by rinsing with caps still attached under a gentle spray of cool water; pat dry with a paper towel.
  • Wash strawberries just before you use them.
  • To keep strawberries from absorbing large quantities of water when washing them, place in a salad spinner to remove excess water.

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