Types of Bulbs
Cool climate bulbs
Allium, bluebell, crocus, cyclamen, daffodil, fritillary, hyacinth, lily-of-the-field, meadow saffron, snowdrop and tulip.
Warm climate bulbs
Baboon flower, belladonna lily, corn lily, crinum, dahlia, freesia, ginger lily, hippeastrum, jonquil, November lily, ranunculus, snowflake, spring starflower, tritonia, zephyr lily.
How to plant bulbs
- Most bulbs grow well if they receive sunlight for at least half a day. Plant your bulbs in an area where they will receive at least half a day of sunlight.
- Choose the proper soil for your bulbs. All bulbs grow well in soil with good drainage.
- Plant your bulb into a whole that is 2 to 3 times the diameter of the bulb. Plant with the pointy end up, except for ranunculus and anemone
Leave enough space between the bulbs for offspring bulbs to develop.
- Water in well after planting, but don't water your bulb again until the soil has dried out.
Caring for your Bulbs
After leaf shoots appear, water regularly and deeply, but do not keep the soil wet.
After flowers have finished, cut them off, but leave the stems and don't cut back the foliage. If the leaves are removed before the plant has time to grow its reserves, it will not flower the following season.
Tips to Grow Bulbs
- Before you plant the bulb, make sure it is firm, clean, and free of mold.
- A bulb that is not used to a wet summer will rot.
- If you plan to plant your bulbs in pots, plant them a little more shallowly than you would in the soil.
- Smaller bulbs produce flowers that bloom earlier in the spring
- Larger bulbs, such as tulips, bloom later and produce larger blooms.
- Spring and summer bulbs need phosphorous to encourage root development.
- The optimum pH range for bulbs is 6 to 7
Lifting your Bulbs
Discard any damaged or soft or rotted bulbs. Allow healthy bulbs to dry in a cool, airy spot. When the bulbs are completely dry, brush off the excess soil and store them in net bags or old stockings.
Bulk buying by mail order is the cheapest way to get large numbers of bulbs. If you plan on to buy your bulbs from a nursery, select firm, well-rounded bulbs with no soft spots.
If your bulbs only flower once or don't give that trouble-free showing you expect, the variety you have chosen probably doesn't grow well in your climate.