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Heart Disease and Smoking

Research has proved that smoking cigarettes is a leading cause and accelerator of heart disease.  Smoking causes or accelerates heart disease by many different mechanisms. 


  • speeds up progression of atherosclerosis
  • alters lipid profile, with more LDL and less HDL
  • increases heart muscle oxygen demand by 10%
  • reduces coronary artery blood flow due to adrenaline release
  • diminishes coronary collateral flow reserve
  • lowers threshold for angina pain
  • interferes with efficacy of medication designed to prevent angina
  • raises blood levels of fibrinogen
  • alters the clotting mechanism with aggregation of blood platelets
  • causes endothelial cell dysfunction, with reduced ability to produce chemicals that dilate the arteries

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