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Shingella Enteritis

What is Shigella enteritis?

Shigella enteritis is an acute infection of the lining of the small intestine. It usually lasts 2 to 3 days.

Shigella enteritis is also called Shigellosis and Shigella gastroenteritis.

What Causes Shigella enteritis?

Shigella enteritis is caused by 1 of 4 different strains of the shigella bacteria.

Outbreaks of shigella enteritis are associated with poor sanitation, inadequate water supplies, contaminated food, crowded living conditions, and fly-infested environments.

How is Shigella enteritis Spread?

The bacteria that cause shigella enteritis must be swallowed to cause an infection. The bacteria are often spread when people do not wash their hands with soap and water after using the toilet or changing a diaper. People who get the shigella bacteria on their hands can infect themselves by eating, smoking, or touching their mouths. They can also spread the germs to anyone or anything they touch, making others sick.

Symptoms of Shigella enteritis

Once a person is exposed to shigella enteritis, symptoms may not appear for the first 1 to 7 days. When symptoms are present, the most common symptoms are:

  • acute abdominal pain or cramping
  • crampy rectal pain
  • watery diarrhea
  • dehydration
  • vomiting
  • nausea
  • fever
  • elevated white blood cell count

Complications of Shigella enteritis

Children with severe shigella enteritis may experience febrile seizures, headache, lethargy, confusion, and a stiff neck resembling meningitis.

Treatment Options for Shigella enteritis

Treatments are aimed to replace fluids and electrolytes lost by diarrhea. Sometimes antibiotics are given.

Can Shigella enteritis be prevented?

Yes. Proper handling, storage, and preparation of food, in addition to good sanitation will help prevent Shigella enteritis.

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