Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
What is Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a term used to describe a range of liver conditions that affect people who drink little or no alcohol.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease affects more women than men and is found in all age groups, including children. Usually, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is diagnosed in middle-aged people who are overweight or obese, and who may also have diabetes and elevated cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is also called NAFLD.
What Causes Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease?
Types of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
There are several types of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
The mildest type is simple fatty liver, also called steatosis. Simple fatty liver is an accumulation of fat within the liver that usually causes no liver damage.
A serious type, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, is associated with liver-damaging inflammation and, sometimes, the formation of fibrous tissue. In some cases, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis can progress to either cirrhosis, or liver cancer.
Symptoms of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Early-stage nonalcoholic fatty liver disease rarely causes any symptoms. If symptoms are present in the early stages, some common symptoms are fatigue, malaise, and a dull ache in the upper right abdomen.
Symptoms present in advanced stages of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease are:
How is Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Diagnosed?
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is usually detected because of abnormal results of liver tests done for unrelated issues.
Can Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease be Treated?
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