Partial Lung Collapse
What is a Partial Lung Collapse?
A partial lung collapse is the collapse of part or all of a lung by blockage of the air passages, or by very shallow breathing.
In an adult, small regions of partial lung collapse are usually not life-threatening, because unaffected parts of the lung compensate for the loss of function in the affected area. However, large-scale partial lung collapse, especially in someone who has another lung disease or illness may be life-threatening. In a baby or small child, lung collapse due to a mucus obstruction or other causes can be life-threatening.
Massive partial lung collapse may result in the collapse of a lung.
A partial lung collapse is also called atelectasis.
What Causes a Partial Lung to Collapse?
Some of the common causes of a partial lung collapse are: anesthesia, prolonged bed rest with few changes in position, shallow breathing, and underlying lung diseases. Secretions that plug the airway, foreign objects (common in children) in the airway, and tumors that obstruct the airway may also cause a partial lung collapse.
Symptoms of a Partial Lung Collapse
Some common symptoms of a partial lung collapse are:
Can a Partial Lung Collapse be Treated?
The goal of treatment is to remove lung secretions and re-expand the affected lung tissue.
Some common treatment options are:
Complications of a Partial Lung Collapse
In some cases, pneumonia may develop.
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