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What is Histoplasmosis?

Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection caused by Histoplasma capsulatum. Histoplasmosis affects the lungs but may spread to other organs. There may be a short period of active infection or can become chronic and spread throughout the body. When spreads, it often infects the linings of the brain, adrenal glands, and other organs.

Histoplasmosis can occur almost anywhere in the world. In the United States, histoplasmosis is most common in the southeastern, mid-Atlantic, and central states.

Histoplasmosis is also called Ohio River Valley fever.


What Causes Histoplasmosis?

Histoplasmosis is caused by a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. Histoplasma capsulatum grows as a mold in soil. usually occurs after inhalation of Histoplasma capsulatum.

How is Histoplasmosis Transmitted?

Histoplasmosis is transmitted via inhalation of airborne spores that contain the fungus. After the fungus is inhaled, it grows and produces more fungus.

Symptoms of Histoplasmosis

Some people with may not experience symptoms. When symptoms are present, the most common symptoms are:

  • fever
  • chills
  • cough
  • chest pain when breathing in
  • shortness of breath
  • excessive sweating
  • coughing up blood
  • joint pain

Can Histoplasmosis be Treated?

Yes. Treatment will depend on your symptoms and the severity of the condition.

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