What is Orchitis?
It is an inflammation of one or both testicles. If both testicles are inflamed, inflammation and infection can reduce fertility.
Symptoms of Orchitis
If you have symptoms, you should visit a doctor immediately. The most common symptoms are:
What Causes Orchitis?
It is most often caused by bacterial infection and the mumps virus. Sometimes it occurs with infections of the epididymis. The epididymis are tubes on top of the scrotum that transport sperm to the vas deferens.
Orchitis may also occur in as a result of an infection of the prostate or a sexually-transmitted disease.
Can Orchitis be Prevented?
How is Orchitis Diagnosed?
The doctor will examine the scrotum, prostate and take a sample of your urine to analyze.
How is Orchitis Treated?
If orchitis is caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotics will treat it. The doctor will also recommend pain medication and an ice pack to reduce the swelling of the scrotum.
If orchitis is caused by an STD, treating the STD will treat it. If an STD is present, the sexual partner must also be treated or the condition may return.
The doctor may also suggest bed rest, and ice packs to reduce the swelling.
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