What is a Mental Disorder?
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders - Fourth Edition, a mental disorder is any clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome characterized by the presence of distressing symptoms, impairment of functioning, or significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or loss of freedom.
Mental disorders are assumed to be the manifestation of a behavioral, psychological, or biological dysfunction in the individual. The concept does not include deviant behavior, disturbances that are essentially conflicts between the individual and society, or expected and culturally sanctioned responses to particular events.
Types of Mental Disorders
There are several types of mental disorders. The most common types are:
Can Mental Disorders be Treated?
Treatment depends on the type and severity of the disorder. Some types of disorders can be treated.
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