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Human Digestive System

We eat about 500kg of food per year. To help digest this food, 1.7 liters of saliva is produced each day.

The esophagus is approximately 25cm long. Muscles contract in waves to move the food down the esophagus.

An adult's stomach can hold approximately 1.5 liters of food and water.

Every day, 11.5 liters of digested food, liquids and digestive juices flow through the digestive system.

Hundreds of different kinds of enzymes are needed to properly digest food. Cooking destroys many of the naturally occuring food enzymes, forcing the body to make its own. Indigestion is often one of the symptoms of the body not being able to make enzymes.

The stomach: secretes some enzymes and hydrochloric acid (HCL) to break down protein. Within 2-6 hours of eating, all food is emptied into the small intestine for further digestion and absorption.

The small intestine is responsible for over 90 percent of digestion and absorption takes place in the small intestine. The acid of the stomach is neutralized and food is mixed with enzymes, bile and pancreatic juices.

The liver is one of the largest organs. It aids in digestion and detoxification of food impurities before allowing them into the bloodstream.

The gall bladder stores bile used to break down dietary fat. Many people have this organ removed.

The pancreas produces digestive juices and helps control levels of blood sugar.

Drinking a 1/4 cup of lime juice mixed with 1/4 cup of water can help keep your liver healthy.

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