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The Human Prostate

What is the Prostate Gland?

The prostate gland is a walnut-sized gland located in the pelvic area, just below the outlet of the bladder and in front of the rectum. It encircles the upper part of the urethra, which is the tube that empties urine from the bladder. The prostate gland is only present in males.

The prostate is a part of every man's reproductive system. It requires male hormones, like testosterone, to function properly, helping to regulate bladder control and normal sexual functioning.

As a male gets older, his chances of having an enlarged prostate increases. An enlarged prostate causes annoying and sometimes painful urinary problems. The prostate is the number-one cancer spot in a man’s body.

Function of the Prostate Gland

The main function of the prostate gland is to store and produce seminal fluid. Seminal fluid is a milky liquid that nourishes sperm.

Conditions affecting the Prostate Gland

  1. Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate gland. It is often the result of a bacterial infection
  2. Enlarged Prostate: A non cancerous growth of the prostate that can interfere with urination. Symptoms include: urgent feeing to urinate, weak urinary stream, frequent need to urinate, involuntary discharge of urine.
  3. Prostate Cancer: Cancer affecting the prostate gland. It is the most common cancer in American men. Prostate cancer grows slowly and may not spread for many years. Symptoms include: difficulty starting urine flow, pain during urination, loss of weight and appetite, blood in urine, painful ejaculation. A prostate exam can help prevent prostate cancer.


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