is Birth Control?
control is a term used for products that help prevent pregnancy. The
risks and benefits of different forms of birth control are different for each
person. It is best to decide with your doctor which form of birth control is best
types of birth control does not prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
of Birth Control
are many different types of birth control. The most common types designed for
from sexual intercourse.
- You need a doctor's prescription to get birth control pills.
There are two types of birth control pills: "combined oral contraceptives"
- Combined oral contraceptives have a combination
of two hormones--estrogen and progestin. They work by keeping the ovaries from
releasing an egg. Combined oral contraceptives must be taken every day.
contain only one hormone, progestin. They work by thickening the cervical mucus
to keep sperm from reaching the egg. Sometimes they also keep the ovaries from
releasing an egg. You must take one pill every day. Minipills are slightly less
effective than combined oral contraceptives.
- Birth control pills
are also called oral contraceptives
IUD is inserted into the womb by a doctor. Two types of IUDs are now used in the
United States: the Paragard Copper T 380A, which releases copper, and the Progestasert
Progesterone T, which releases progesterone, a form of progestin. The Paragard
IUD can stay in place for 10 years. The Progestasert must be replaced every year.
A doctor must remove it.
- IUD means Intrauterine Device.
is a surgical procedure that involves tying, cutting or blocking the fallopian
tubes so eggs can't reach the womb.
is a form of progestin that is placed under the skin. Norplant is made of rubber
rods that look like matchsticks. A doctor places the rods under the skin of the
woman's upper arm, where they slowly release progestin. A doctor must also remove
the rods. There are two types of Norplant. The six-rod Norplant gives birth control
for up to five years. The two-rod Norplant gives birth control for up to two years.
- The Reality Female Condom is made of polyurethane. You can buy
female condoms at drugstores without a prescription.
- Spermicides are available without a prescription in drugstores.
They contain a chemical that kills sperm. Spermicides are sold in several forms
including foam, cream and jelly.
most common type of birth control designed for men is a latex condom and a vasectomy.