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Anal Warts

What are Anal Warts?

Anal warts is a condition where small warts occur in or around the rectum. Warts are benign tumors of the epidermis. Anal warts is a relatively common and bothersome condition.

Anal warts, also known as condyloma acuminata, are small warts that can occur in the rectum. Most individuals who have anal warts have between 1 to 10 of them.

Anal warts first appear as tiny blemishes. They can be as small as the head of a pin but they can grow larger than the size of a pea. Usually, anal warts do not cause pain or discomfort. Sometimes, patients may be unaware that the warts are present.

Anal warts are also called "condyloma acuminata".

What Causes Anal Warts?

Anal warts are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). The HPV is very contagious. The virus can be transmitted from person to person, almost always by direct contact.

Some risk factors for developing anal warts are:

  • smoking
  • using oral contraceptives
  • having multiple sexual partners

Can Anal Warts be Treated?

Yes, anal warts can be treated. The most common treatment for anal warts are:

  • medications (for small warts)
    • Must be conducted by a doctor to prevent injury to the normal skin surrounding the warts.
  • surgical removal (for large warts)
  • laser surgery
  • cauterization

If the warts are not removed through medicine or surgical removal, they will increase in size and number. Warts that are located inside the anal canal usually are not suitable for treatment by medications. In most cases need to be treated by cauterization or surgical removal.

Will the Warts Reappear?

In some cases, the warts will reappear. They may reappear because the viruses that cause the warts are still present in the body.

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