What is a Keloid?
A keloid is an itchy, hard, raised, lump on the skin. It is the result of an overproduction of scar tissue. Keloids occur at the site of a skin injury. The injury can be a result from severe acne, a burn, an operation, a vaccination or a minor scratch.
Keloids are harmless. Sometimes they stop growing or disappear without treatment.
Keloid is also called keloid skin and hypertrophic scarring. They occur on darker skin much more often than on lighter skin.
What Causes Keloids?
The cause of keloids is unknown. Researchers believe that keloids are caused by the body's failure to turn off the healing process needed to repair skin.
What does a Keloid look like?
Keloid are shiny and is often dome-shaped. The color ranges from slightly pink to red.
What part of the body do Keloids occur?
Keloids can occur on any part of the body. They are most commonly located on the chest, upper back, and shoulders.
Symptoms of Keloids
The major sign is a flesh or lighter colored nodular or ridged growths over scars on the skin.
Small keloids can be removed by freezing them with liquid nitrogen. Surgical removal is not recommended because it can cause additional keloids. Injection of corticosteroid drugs directly into the keloid will reduce itching.
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