combination skin

If you have skin that is oily in the forehead, nose, and chin areas (collectively called the T-zone), and dry in other areas, then you have what is called combination skin. Combination skin calls for a few extra steps in your skin care routine, since you need to treat different areas of the face in different ways. Here follows a simple routine to demonstrate a way that you can deal with combination skin effectively without using a multitude of different products.

Things You Need

You will need a supply of daily care products as well as weekly care products. For daily use, get a non-exfoliating, gentle cleanser, an oil-free moisturizer, an astringent toner, some cotton balls or pads, and some oil-absorbing tissues. For weekly use, you will need a facial clay mask, a moisturizing mask, and an exfoliating cleanser.

What To Do Each Day

Daily, you need to perform your face cleansing routine: First wash with your daily cleanser. Use cool to lukewarm water – not too hot or cold – and rinse with water that’s a similar temperature. Water that’s too hot will aggravate your T-zone and make it oilier. Water that’s too cold will shock the dry areas of your skin. While your skin is still damp, apply your moisturizer to the whole face, focusing on problem dry spots. Then use a cotton ball or pad to apply toner just to areas of the T-zone where you need the most oil control. The toner will suppress oil production to a certain extent, so it will dry out areas that are not overly oily. Finally carry the oil-absorbing tissues for touch-ups during the day.

What To Do Once A Week

Once a week, before you wash your face apply the masks. Use clay mask in your T-zone and moisturizing mask in the dry area. Leave them both on for 5 minutes, or the length of time the manufacturer recommends, then rinse off with warm water. Next use your exfoliating cleanser to gently remove dead skin cells and impurities from your face. Skip the daily cleanser and move on to moisturizer and toner as usual. The mask and exfoliation routine is intended to rebalance the moisture in the different parts of your face; if your products are good quality and used as they are supposed to be, the effects should be long-lasting and make daily care much easier.

Three Reasons You May Have Oily Skin

Oily skin can be caused by many different factors, and it would take a dermatologist to give you a definite answer, but there are some causes you can investigate without needing to consult a medical specialist.

  1. Your Age May Be The Cause
    At the onset of puberty, oil production in the skin increases sharply, and it can take many years before it decreases to an easily manageable level. Some oily skin sufferers go through a very oily phase during their teenage years, and the state of elevated oil production lasts so long that they do not need to use any significant amount of facial moisturizer for several years, even into their 30s. If it has only been a few years since that awkward time for you, your skin’s oil levels might still be elevated.
  2. Drugs Can Cause Hormone Imbalances
    Sebum production in your skin is controlled by your hormones. Any time you are taking drugs that alter your hormone levels, it can affect your skin’s sebum production, leading to oily or dry skin depending on how your hormones are imbalanced. If you are taking a medication with hormonal side effects, an alternative drug might be available that doesn’t cause oily skin, or your doctor may prescribe a topical treatment that you apply to your skin to control oil. Drugs that directly affect your hormones, such as the contraceptive pill or post-menopausal hormone replacements, will probably still affect your skin even if you switch brands; in this case you simply need to take care of your skin rather than switching medications.
  3. Your Skin Could Be Irritated
    When you wash your skin, touch it, rub it, or expose it to heat, it stimulates the sebaceous glands, the cells under the skin’s surface that produce the oily substance called sebum. If you aren’t touching or rubbing your face too often, they produce normal amounts, but if you do these things very often, it can make your skin a lot oilier than normal. This is one of the reasons that we tell teenagers not to pick at their blemishes; it only makes it likelier that they’ll get more of them. Overwashing your skin, another common response to oily skin, causes the skin to become dry and activate the sebaceous glands as a kind of dryness countermeasure. The best way to respond to skin that is oily due to irritation is not to try to remove the oil; deal with the irritation instead.