What is Gastroparesis?
Symptoms of Gastroparesis?
The most common symptoms of gastroparesis are:
What Causes Gastroparesis?
Gastroparesis is caused by impairment of the vagus nerve. The vagus nerve is responsible for mediating many automatic functions of the body, including heart rate and digestion. If the vagus nerve is not working properly, the muscles of the stomach and intestines do not work normally, and the movement of food is slowed or stopped.
What happens during Gastroparesis?
When a person has gastroparesis, the stomach is able to receive food from the esophagus but it is unable to release the food to the small intestine. When this happens, the stomach acid can travel up the esophagus causing a burning sensation in the middle of the chest (heartburn).
As a result of having gastroparesis, the stomach may feel full after small meals. This occurs because the stomach may not have emptied its contents from previous meal(s). In extreme cases, several meals will accumulate in the stomach and cause severe bloating.
How does Gastroparesis affect Diabetics?
Gastroparesis can make it difficult for people with diabetes to control their blood sugar levels. This occurs because if the stomach empties too slowly, it can have the same effects on blood sugar as skipping a meal. Blood sugars will plummet and rise depending on when the stomach empties.
How is Gastroparesis Diagnosed?
Your doctor can diagnose gastroparesis by performing the following tests:
Treatment Options for Gastroparesis?
Gastroparesis can be treated. The most common treatments for gastroparesis are:
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