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Toxic Shock Syndrome

What is Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS)?

Toxic shock syndrome (STSS) is a severe disease caused by a toxin made by Group A Streptococcus. The average incubation period for is Toxic shock syndrome 2 to 3 days.

Toxic shock syndrome (STSS) is a rare infection. It usually occurs after Streptococcus bacteria have invaded areas of injured skin. Streptococcus bacteria may invade cuts and scrapes, surgical wounds, and chickenpox blisters.

If a child has a sore throat with fever and is is worsening despite adequate treatment, you should contact your doctor immediately.

Types of Toxic Shock Syndrome

There are two different types of toxic shock syndrome:

  1. Toxic shock syndrome caused by the Staphylococcus bacteria (TSS).
  2. Toxic shock syndrome caused by Group A Streptococcus bacteria (STSS).

Symptoms of Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS)

There are many symptoms of toxic shock syndrome. The most common symptoms are:

  • within 48 hours of a streptococcus infection, the person's blood pressure drops dangerously low
  • fever
  • dizziness
  • confusion
  • difficulty breathing
  • and a weak and rapid pulse
  • pale, cool, or moist skin
  • the area around an infected wound becomes swollen and red
  • liver and kidneys may begin to fail
  • bleeding problems

How is Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS) Transmitted?

The bacteria that cause toxic shock syndrome can be carried on unwashed hands to infect broken skin or wounds anywhere on the body.

Can Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS) be treated?

Yes. However, it must be treated in the hospital.

The most common kinds of treatments are: antibiotics, Intravenous fluids, and drainage of the infection site.

After a person has recovered from toxic shock syndrome, the skin may peel as the rash heals.

Complications of Toxic Shock Syndrome (STSS)

If not treated soon and properly, kidney failure, heart failure and liver failure may occur.

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