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Toxic Shock Syndrome

What is Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)?

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a severe blood illness caused by a toxin made by Staphylococcus aureus.

Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is very rare. When it occurs, it usually occurs in menstruating women who use tampons. This occurs because staphylococcus bacteria may be present in the tampon.

Women can prevent developing toxic shock syndrome (TSS) by not using tampons when menstruating or using the lowest absorbency that will handle her menstrual flow and change the tampons frequently. Hyperabsorbent tampons may cause the infection because their prolonged intra-vaginal use enhances the bacterial growth.

The incubation for toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is about 2 days.

Types of Toxic Shock Syndrome

There are two different types of toxic shock syndrome:

  1. Toxic shock syndrome caused by the Staphylococcus bacteria (TSS).
  2. Toxic shock syndrome caused by Group A Streptococcus bacteria (STSS).

What is Staphylococcus aureus?

Staphylococcus aureus is a bacteria that normally lives harmlessly on the skin and in the nose, armpit, groin or vagina of one in every three people.

Symptoms of Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)

Symptoms of toxic shock syndrome caused by the Staphylococcus bacteria:

  • vomiting
  • high fever
  • rapid drop in blood pressure
  • watery diarrhea
  • headache
  • sore throat
  • muscle aches
  • bloodshot eyes
  • sunburn-like rash (appears within 24 hours)
  • confusion
  • decreased urine output
  • fatigue
  • moist skin
  • rapid breathing

If you suspect that you have toxic shock syndrome (TSS) and you are using a tampon, remove it immediately and seek medical care immediately.

Can Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) be treated?

Toxic shock syndrome can be treated . However, it must be treated in the hospital.

The most common kinds of treatments are: antibiotics, Intravenous fluids, and drainage of the infection site.

Complications Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS)

If not treated soon and properly, kidney failure, heart failure and liver failure may occur.

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