Many people believe that vegetarians have a hard time 'getting their protein'. Non-vegetarians often ask vegetarians 'how are you going to get your protein?'. The belief that vegetarians will have a hard time consuming enough protein is unfounded. Vegetarians can easily meet their protein needs by eating a varied diet.
Good protein sources are: lentils, tofu, low-fat dairy products, nuts, seeds, tempeh, peas. Many common foods such as whole grain bread, greens, potatoes, pasta, and corn also have protein. Soy protein has been shown to be equal to proteins of animal origin.
Almost all foods except for alcohol, sugar, and fats contain protein.
Iron is a mineral that helps our red blood cells deliver oxygen to the rest of the body.
Good vegetarian iron sources are: dried beans, spinach, chard, beet greens, blackstrap molasses, bulgur, prune juice, and dried fruit. Iron can also be found in enriched products, brewer's yeast, and breakfast cereals that are fortified with iron
To increase the amount of iron absorbed, eat plenty of foods containing vitamin C. Vitamin C aids in the absorption of iron. Cooking food in iron cookware also adds to iron intake.
Good vegetarian calcium sources are: spinach, collard greens, broccoli, kale, low fat dairy products, turnip greens, tofu prepared with calcium, and fortified soy milk.
The adult recommended intake for vitamin B12 is very low. Vitamin B12 comes primarily from animal-derived foods. But a diet that includes fortified foods, such as cereal, nutritional yeast, soy milk, or soy analogs, are good non-animal sources of B12. Taking a vitamin or a non-animal derived supplement of b12 is also an option.
Vegans should have a reliable source of vitamin D. Vegans who don’t get much sunlight may need a supplement.
Zinc is needed for growth and development. Good plant sources include grains, nuts and legumes.
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