cbd oil
Most over-the-counter and prescription drugs are delivered in specific doses. The specific doses are based on weight and age and do not take into account other important aspects of medical care. Unlike these medicines, cannabinoid medicine (CBD) is usually highly individualized. With cannabis, dosage can be designed to meet the patient’s needs. Cannabis can be smoked, vaporized, eaten in solid foods, taken as a liquid tincture, or rubbed on the skin as a topical (cream, spray, or lotion). Food options vary from a ‘pot brownie’ to more sophisticated raw and gourmet food options. Individual reactions to CBD medicine vary greatly from person to person and depend on several different conditions. Distinct body weight, body chemistry, unique sensitivity or tolerance to cannabinoids, will affect how a person responds to taking CBD. Hormonal levels, stress levels, dietary intake, and current mediations will also determine the effectiveness of CBD. The effects are also dependent on the strain, dose, potency, how it is delivered, the time of day, and the CBD to THC ratio. CBD ratios are categorized as CBD dominant (20:1 CBD-THC ratio), CBD rich (+2:1 CBD-THC ratio), and CBD balanced 1:1 (CBD-THC ratio). The CBD-THC ratio is important to consider. THC interacts directly with the endocannabinoid receptors while CBD works to indirectly balance the endocannabinoid system by empowering the body’s own neurochemicals to heal the body. A dose that is too small or deliver sub-optimally (smoked instead of ingested) may have no noticeable effect, while taking too much may actually worsen the symptoms someone is trying to treat. Each person has a unique internal environment that dictates their experience with various medicines, including medical cannabis. One person’s response to a dose of edible cannabis can be completely different from another person’s response. The difference in response is influenced by previous history of cannabis use, digestive factors, and the function/sensitivity of a person’s endocannabinoid system. When choosing which delivery method works best, consider the following:
  • How soon you need it to enter your bloodstream?
    • Inhalation is one of the quickest methods to introduce CBD into the bloodstream. It occurs immediately.
  • How quickly do you want it to start working?
    • Ingestion offers the greatest delay and usually takes 30 minutes to 2 hours to enter the bloodstream.
  • How long you want the medical effects to last?
    • CBD patches last the longest, lasting up to 12 hours.
  • What is the bioavailability of the medicine?
    • Bioavailability is the degree and speed of how much CBD is absorbed into the bloodstream.
    • Bioavailability of CBD depends on the strength, how it is taken, and the amount taken.
Onset Duration Bioavailability
Inhalation Smoke or vaporized medicine enters the bloodstream directly from the lungs immediate 2-4 hours 10-35%
Ingestion Absorption is slow and erratic, resulting in maximal plasma concentrations usually after 60 – 120 minutes 30 minutes – 2 hours or more 6-8 hours 8-15%
Oral Tinctures, lozenges dissolved in the mouth (not swallowed). Medicine enters the bloodstream through the mucous membranes. 16-60 minutes 4-6 hours 6-20%
Topical Applied to the skin for local relief usually in a salve, spray, or balm. Only local effects. Medicine does not enter the bloodstream. 15 minutes (non-psychoactive) 2-4 hours n/a
Transdermal Patch or gel, designed to be absorbed through the skin and into the bloodstream 15 minutes (possibly psychoactive) 12 hours (patch) 4 hours (gel) 100%
CBD Oil and THC A very small amount of CBD breaks down to THC in the body. This is why a drug test for THC may test positive if you use CBD products. Some individuals who use CBD products will experience a rare side effect of drowsiness. The drowsiness is most likely caused by THC. Questions to ask your doctor about CBD
  • Which dosage should I take?
  • How often do I need to take CBD?
    • Every day?
    • A few times a day?
    • Before bedtime?
    • After meals?
  • Should I smoke it, ingest it, or use it as a topical?
  • Are oral products best?
    • Tinctures
    • Oil infusions
    • Glycerine tinctures
    • Capsules
  • Will CBD interfere with our react with other medicines?
  • Are edibles a good option?
    • Gummies are one of the most popular edibles.
    • If you decide to use gummies, remember that they can have a delayed response of up to 2 hours.
  • What are the emergency signs that I should visit an Urgent Care center?
  • What are signs that I should stop taking CBD?
  • How might it affect me?
  • Should I consider raw cannabis juice?
  • Is hemp-based CBD or marijuana-based CBD best for my condition?
    • If you use hemp-based CBD, look for a product that contains CBD derived from solvent free CO2 extraction.
An important note from MamasHealth.com. Self-treatment can be dangerous and put your health at risk, so be sure to include your doctor in your decisions. MamasHealth acknowledges that research on CBD and the effects of CBD on the endocannabinoid system are rapidly evolving and the range of possible findings remains wide. MamasHealth makes no claims that CBD products are intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease and recommends all individuals consult with their health care professionals prior to using CBD.