Swim_strokes_tips_mamashealth

Even if you’re an experienced swimmer, many people have one area where they have trouble. If you’ve never mastered the breaststroke or butterfly this article can help. And if you do them already, it could still be fun to try out these interesting variations!

A swimming stroke is a method of moving the arms and legs to push against the water and propel the swimmer forward.

Swimming strokes should create the least possible water resistance. When swimming, there should be a minimum of splashing so that forward motion is smooth and not jerky.

Types of Swimming Strokes

Butterfly

  • The most difficult and exhausting stroke.
  • The body is in a prone position.
  • Involves the dolphin kick with a windmill-like movement of both arms in unison.
  • When swimming competitively, the swimmer must not swim underwater. The only time a swimmer can swim underwater is the first stroke after the start and each turn.

Breast Stroke

  • The body is in a prone position.
  • Involves frog kicking alternates with a simultaneous movement of the arms from a point in front of the head to shoulder level.
  • When swimming competitively, the swimmer’s head must be kept above the surface of the water at all times.

Crawl

  • Front or Back
    • The body is in a prone position.
    • Involves alternating overarm strokes and the flutter kick.
    • The head remains in the water, the face alternating from side to side.

Sidestroke

  • Involves a forward underwater stroke with the body on one side and a scissors kick.

Trudgen

  • Named after an English swimmer whose speed made it famous.
  • Involves alternate overarm strokes in a prone position, with a scissors kick and the head remains on one side.

Freestyle

  • Swimming where any stroke is used.
  • When swimming competitively, only 15 meters can be spent underwater from the start or from each turn.

Backstroke

  • Involves alternate over-the-head arm strokes and a flutter kick in a supine position.
  • When swimming competitively, only 15 meters can be spent underwater from the start or from each turn.

Dog Paddle

  • One of the most simple strokes.
  • Involves reaching forward with the arms underwater and using a modified flutter kick.

If you practice swimming in an outdoor pool, be sure to use sunscreen with both UVA and UVB protection. Skin damage from sun exposure can occur in as little as 15 minutes. If you do not want to wear sunscreen, consider wearing a swimsuit the provides UVA and UVB protection. Solartex is our  favorite brand of UVA and UVB protection swimwear.