A callus is a thickening of the surface layer of the skin. It is also described as an overgrowth of skin tissue. This usually occurs in response to pressure. Calluses often form on the ball of the foot, the heel, and the underside of the big toe. They are more common in women than men.

Calluses are often hard. However, if they form between the toes, the moisture of the area keeps them soft. Having a hammer toe may lead to a more severe form of callus called intractable plantar keratosis. This more severe callus forms as a result of an imbalance in the weight-bearing with considerably more pressure being placed on one area of the foot than on others.

How is a foot callus formed?

The formation of calluses is caused by an accumulation of dead skin cells that harden and thicken over an area of the foot.

Signs and symptoms of a foot callus

The most common symptoms of a foot callus are:

  • a hard growth usually on the ball ore heel of the foot
  • pain on weight bearing, relieved by rest
  • increased discomfort in thin soled and high heeled shoes

Causes of foot callus

Calluses develop because of excessive pressure at a specific area of the foot.

The most common causes of calluses are:

  • high heeled shoes
  • mal-alignment of the metatarsal bones
  • shoes that are too small
  • abnormalities of gait
  • flat feet
  • high arched feet
  • excessively long metatarsal bone
  • obesity
  • bony prominence
  • loss of fat pad on the underside of the foot
  • short Achilles tendon

Can foot calluses be treated?

Yes. Treatment will depend on the cause of the callus. For immediate relief, applying non-medicated pads around the callus will relieve pressure. Moleskin can also be placed on the callus.

Do not attempt to cut or shave away corns and calluses at home. This can lead to potentially dangerous infection of the surrounding tissues. This should be performed by a podiatrist or other health-care practitioner.

CBD for pain relief of foot calluses

Full-spectrum CBD may help relieve the foot pain caused by a foot callus. Self-treatment without first talking your doctor can be extremely harmful and is not recommended. Ask your doctor which form of CBD (salve, oil, or lotion) might help alleviate the pain and how long you should use it. Also ask which concentration is best and if you should use derived CBD or cannabis derived CBD. It is important to consult with a doctor or a health care practitioner experienced in recommending CBD or medicinal cannabis so you will have the best dosage.

Questions to ask your doctor about foot calluses

  • How did I develop a foot callus?
  • What can I do to prevent the calluses from getting worse or bigger?
  • How long will it take to heal?
  • Do I need to switch shoes?
  • Do I need to change the way I walk?
  • What are the emergency symptoms that indicate I should visit an Emergency Care Center?
  • Will I get an infection I don’t fix my foot callus problems as soon as possible?
  • What treatments are available, and which is the best one for me?
  • Will the treatments interfere with my other medicines?
  • Is CBD oil a good treatment option?