Stages of liver disease

The liver assumes a significant job in processing food and eliminating poisonous substances from the body. According to the World Health Organization, liver illness is the 10th most normal reason for death in India. One in five Indians may be affected by liver disease. 

Liver disease can be inherited (genetic) or be caused by a number of factors that harm the liver like viruses, alcohol abuse and obesity. Eventually, the factors that damage the liver can cause scarring (cirrhosis), which can lead to liver failure, a life-threatening situation. However, early treatment can provide the liver time to heal. Read on for the things you should know about liver disease.

1. What are the symptoms of liver failure?

It can take years for liver failure to develop. Liver failure signs also appear like symptoms of other medical conditions, which may make it difficult to detect early on. When the deteriorating liver starts to get weaker, symptoms get worse.

Chronic liver failure, or liver failure that has been going on for several years, can lead to: 

  • Tiredness 
  • Nauseating tendencies
  • Appetite loss
  • Diarrhea
  • Blood Vomiting
  • Bloody stool

Symptoms become more serious as liver failure progresses. Symptoms of liver failure in the later stages can include

  • Jaundice (eyes and skin yellowing)
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Disoriented mind ( confused and uncertain) 
  • The deposition of fluid in the abdomen and extremities (arms and legs)

The liver also unexpectedly fails sometimes, which is known as acute liver failure. The following signs can be present in people with acute liver failure:

  • Hemorrhage
  • Mental Status Changes  
  • Breath odour
  • Problems in movement 
  • Appetite loss
  • Being generally unwell
  • Jaundiced conditions

2. The top causes of serious liver conditions

a. Infections

The issue, often, is that you have an infection that has caused the liver to get inflamed. The most frequent cause is viral hepatitis, including:

b. Hepatitis A

By eating or consuming something that is contaminated Within 6 months, it normally goes away by itself without any long-term damage. 

c. Hepatitis B

 You get it from someone else, such as via taking drugs through shared needles or by unsafe sex. It makes you more likely to get liver cancer or other illnesses if it lasts longer than 6 months. 

d. Hepatitis C

It comes from blood that is infected and gets into the blood. If you take medications with shared needles or in combination with HIV, you might get it. You could get it from a contaminated needle that unintentionally sticks to you if you’re a health-care worker. For several years, signs may not turn up. Baby boomers are at risk for hepatitis C for reasons that are not yet obvious, and should be screened for it.

3. Liver diseases due to genetic conditions

Some genetic conditions can cause the following liver problems like Hereditary hemochromatosis that facilitates the storage in the organs of excess iron. Instead of releasing it from the body, Wilson’s disease encourages the accumulation of copper. In the liver, alpha-1 antitrypsin is mostly formed. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is caused by a genetic defect in which a substantial portion of it can not be developed by the body. Symptoms of hereditary disorders that cause liver diseases are yellow skin colouring, also referred to as jaundice, tiredness and low energy, joint pain, and swelling in the belly and legs. 

4. How to keep your liver healthy

All the food which passes through the body is broken down by the liver. It functions like a giant filter that eliminates toxins from the body and protects against damage to healthy human cells. 

To detoxify the liver, several natural food sources are available. Garlic can activate liver enzymes when taken with food that can flush out toxins from the system. Garlic has a component called selenium that assists in the mechanism of detoxification. Bananas, grapefruit, limes, and lemons allow detoxifying enzymes to be produced by the liver. They also have sulphur, which can strengthen liver health. Chlorophyll, a compound which can leach toxins out of the bloodstream, is found abundantly in leafy vegetables. The heavy metals from the body are neutralised by chlorophyll. Turmeric contains antioxidants that are capable of restoring liver cells and can also allow contaminants to be flushed out by enzymes. By boosting bile efficiency, turmeric can also detoxify metals.

5. What should you know about liver function tests

Tell your doctor about any medicines you’re taking. These include over-the-counter medications and herbal supplements as well. The Best liver doctor Coimbatore may tell you to stop eating the night before the test. Diagnosing liver failure is difficult and the disease requires immediate medical attention. Understanding the different stages of liver disease helps to make better decisions for early care. If you have any recurring signs or symptoms that bother you, make an appointment with your physician. If you have stomach pain that is so serious that you can’t stand still, seek urgent medical attention. Inflammation of the liver is an early indication and is generally asymptomatic of liver disease. The inflamed liver may become serious if untreated and cause health problems. Fibrosis shows no indications and, if left untreated, can progress to cirrhosis. The liver becomes inflamed, scarred and weakened at this point and loses its ability to function because of insufficient blood supply. Symptoms of liver disease may be encountered in patients with cirrhosis. In certain cases, liver cells can become abnormal and cause cancer to develop out of control.  Cirrhosis, hepatitis B are the risk factors of liver cancer and can occur in any stage of liver disease.

6. How is liver failure treated?

The treatment of liver failure depends on whether it is acute or chronic. Liver disease and liver failure are typically treated by physicians called hepatologists. These include changes in lifestyle such as avoiding alcohol or drugs that can damage the liver, limiting red meat, cheese, eggs, and cutting back on salt. In case of acute (sudden) failure of the liver treatment is intravenous (IV) fluids to control blood pressure, medications that help flush out toxins (poisons) such as laxatives or enemas. In both acute and chronic liver failure, a liver transplant may be recommended by a doctor. Doctors carefully screen transplant candidates before transplantation to ensure that a new organ will support them before putting them on waiting lists for organs. A healthy liver from a living or deceased donor replaces a damaged or diseased liver during a transplantation procedure. Affordable liver hospitals can replace a damaged liver with a portion of a healthy liver. This is because the liver can regenerate, or grow back.

7. How do doctors treat cirrhosis?

Physicians do not have unique drugs that are capable of treating cirrhosis. They can, however, treat many of the illnesses that cause cirrhosis. It is possible to cure some of the illnesses that cause cirrhosis. It can keep your cirrhosis from getting worse and help prevent liver failure by treating the underlying causes of cirrhosis. Any of your liver scarring can be steadily improved by successful treatment. When cirrhosis progresses to liver failure, the doctor will recommend a liver transplant. Doctors only recommend liver transplants after ruling out any possible choices for treatment. Speak to the best liver surgeon to ask if liver transplantation is right for you.