human_organs_left_side_MamasHealth

human organs

Organs on the left side of the body include:

  • heart
    • The heart pumps blood throughout the body via the circulatory system. By pumping blood, the heart supplies the body with oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and removes carbon dioxide and other wastes.
    • A human heart is about the size of a large fist. There are slight differences in weight for men and women.
      • A woman’s heart weighs between 8 to 10 ounces.
      • A man’s heart weights between 10 to 12 ounces.
  • spleen
    • The spleen is the largest organ in the lymphatic system and is responsible for keeping bodily fluids balanced.
      • The lymphatic system is a partnership of tissues and organs that help rid the body of toxins and waste.
    • It also fights bacteria that cause pneumonia and meningitis.
    • One of its main functions is to recycle old blood cells and to store platelets and white blood cells.
    • Old red blood cells are recycled in the spleen, also, platelets and white blood cells are stored there.
    • The spleen is usually a purple color.
  • stomach
    • The stomach is responsible for temporary storing food and digesting food before sending it to the intestine.
    • The stomach is shaped like an oversized banana and is located between the esophagus and the small intestine
  • part of the pancreas
    • The pancreas is technically a gland and not an organ. It is and important part of the digestive system and helps control blood sugar levels.
    • It is about 6 inches long, located in the abdomen.
    • The pancreas is shaped like a flat pear and is surrounded by the stomach, small intestine, liver, spleen and gallbladder.
  • left kidney
    • The kidney is a part of the urinary tract that is responsible for  removing wastes and extra water from blood.
      • The extra water and waste becomes urine.
    • Healthy kidneys filter about a half cup of blood every minute.
    • Most adults have 2 kidneys and can live with only 1 if a the other kidney is damaged or if they have donated it to someone who needed a kidney transplant.
  • left adrenal gland
    • An adrenal gland is a small gland that sits on the top of each kidney.
    • Adrenal glands produce hormones needed for normal bodily functions
      • Sex hormones
      • Cortisol (helps you respond to stress, maintains metabolism, and immune responses)
      • Hormones that balance salt and water levels
  • left lung
    • The lung is the main component of the respiratory system. It is responsible for providing oxygen to every part of the body.
    • Each cell in our bodies need oxygen
  • left ovary (woman)
    • An ovary is a female gonad. It is the primary reproductive organ in females.
    • Ovaries secrete hormones, protect the eggs a female is born with, and they release eggs for possible fertilization.
  • left testis (man)
    • The testis (testes plural) is an oval-shaped organ in the male reproductive system. It is responsible for producing an storying sperm.
    • Testes also produce a hormone called testosterone which is responsible for libido, fertility, and development of muscle and bone mass.
    • The testes are located in a sac of skin that hangs outside the body in the front of the pelvic region.
  • left eye
    • The eye is responsible for vision, color differentiation, and perception of depth.
  • left ear
    • The ear is responsible for hearing. It has 3 parts —the outer ear, middle ear and inner ear.
  • upper part of the large intestine.
    • The large intestine (also called the large bowel),  is the final part of the gastrointestinal tract.
    • It is responsible for absorbing water and storing feces before it is released from the body.

Organs on the right side of the body include:

  • liver
    • The liver is the largest solid organ in the body and the only organ that can regenerate.
    • It is responsible for more than 500 functions, including:
      • Produce bile to help the small intestine break down fats, cholesterol, proteins and vitamins.
      • Absorb and metabolize bilirubin
        • Bilirubin is formed by breakdown of parts of the red blood cell (hemoglobin)
      • Metabolize fat (bile breaks down fat so the body can easily digest it).
      • Metabolize carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are stored in the liver. The liver breaks them down in to smaller pieces of glucose and stores excess glucose as glycogen.
      • Store vitamins and minerals. The liver stores vitamins A, D, E, K, and B12. The liver also stores excess copper and iron (ferritin) and is ready to make new red blood cells on demand.
      • Filters toxins from the blood.
      • Supports the immune system by destroying harmful cells that enter the liver through the intestine.
      • Produces angiotensinogen, a hormone responsible for raising blood pressure.
      • Produces albumin, a protein that transports fatty acids and steroid hormones.
  • gallbladder
    • The gallbladder is a pear-shaped, hollow structure.
    • Its main function is to story and concentrate bile. Bile is a a digestive enzyme produced by the liver. 
  • appendix
    • The appendix is attached to a part of your large intestine
    • The main function of the appendix is unclear.
    • Sometimes it becomes infected (appendicitis) and must be removed.
      • Removal of the appendix doesn’t appear to have any long-term effects on health.
  • small intestine
    • 90% of all digestion and absorption of food occurs in the small intestine
    • Its main function is to absorb  absorption of nutrients and minerals from food.
  • right lung
  • right kidney
  • right adrenal gland
  • right ovary (woman)
  • right testis (man)
  • right eye
  • right ear

Facts about the Human Body

  • We eat about 500kg of food per year. To help digest this food, 1.7 liters of saliva is produced each day.
  • The esophagus is approximately 25cm long. Muscles contract in waves to move the food down the esophagus.
  • An adult’s stomach can hold approximately 1.5 liters of food and water.
  • Every day, 11.5 liters of digested food, liquids and digestive juices flow through the digestive system.
  • Hundreds of different kinds of enzymes are needed to properly digest food. Cooking destroys many of the naturally occurring food enzymes, forcing the body to make its own. Indigestion is often one of the symptoms of the body not being able to make enzymes.
  • The stomach: secretes some enzymes and hydrochloric acid (HCL) to break down protein. Within 2-6 hours of eating, all food is emptied into the small intestine for further digestion and absorption.
  • The small intestine is responsible for over 90 percent of food digestion and absorption. The acid of the stomach is neutralized and food is mixed with enzymes, bile and pancreatic juices.
  • The liver is one of the largest organs. It aids in digestion and detoxification of food impurities before allowing them into the bloodstream.
  • The gall bladder stores bile used to break down dietary fat. Many people have this organ removed.
  • The pancreas produces digestive juices and helps control levels of blood sugar.
  • Drinking a 1/4 cup of lime juice mixed with 1/4 cup of water can help keep your liver healthy.

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